United Health Group Financial Statements and Financial Ratios

United Health Group Financial Statements and Financial Ratios Analyzed

United Health Group Financial Report and Analysis

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Hey All,

Thanks for visiting my United Health Group Financial Report page. On this page, you will be able to find preliminary information about United Health Group's current financial performance as well as some historical track records and trends. 


For a more detailed examination of United Health Group's financial performance, please check out the "Financial Report".  In this report, written by myself, Paul Borosky, MBA., Doctoral Candidate, and published author, you will find:

  • Summarized income statement for the last 5 years.
  • Summarized balance sheet for the last 5 years.
  • Summary analysis by myself of important income statement, balance sheet, and financial ratio trends and other happenings.
  • Five year’s worth of over twenty common financial ratios presented with formulas, calculations, and analysis tips for each ratio.
  • Line by line description, explanation, and analysis tip for most financial statement line items and financial ratios.
  • Professional financial analysis tips provided in each section to help YOU conduct your OWN financial analysis!
  • Each section includes an “in other words” segment.  This is were I use plain English to explain concepts.

Enjoy the preliminary information and for a more detailed analysis, buy the financial report!


Paul Borosky, MBA.

United Health Group Financial Report by Paul Borosky, MBA.
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Sample Financial Report

Sample Financial Report by Paul Borosky, MBA.
Financial Report Sample 2

United Health Group: Brief Summary

United Health Group's headquarters is located in Minnetonka, MN.  The company competes in the healthcare plans industry—specifically, the healthcare sector.  At present, the United health group employs approximately 325,000 individuals.

From a financial perspective, the organization has a market cap of approximately $264 billion.  The beta for the company is .63.  This beta suggests that the company's risk is significantly below the overall market.  In the last 52 weeks, the company stock prices range from $187.72 to $306.71.  Currently, the organization is paying out $1.08 quarterly for dividends per share.

United Health Group Financial Report Sources

“United Health Group 2019 Company Analysis: Financial Statements and Financial Ratios: Defined, Discussed, and Analyzed for 5 Years” was written by, Paul Borosky, MBA. and owner of Quality Business Plan.  In this book, the author selected United Health's 2019 10k, 2017 10k annual report, 2016 10k annual report, 2015 10k annual report, and United Health's 2019 10k annual report as the basis for information gathering. 

Section 1: United Health Group Income Statement Analyzed 2015 to 2019

In this section, I walk through a broad definition as to what an income statement is and why it is important.  From this, I then discuss and define income statement line items, such as revenues, gross profits, etc. in detail.  After each line item is defined and discussed, I finally offer a summary analysis of United Health Group’s important income statement line item trends from 2015 to 2019, in most cases.

Revenue Growth.

United health group ended 2015 with revenues of approximately $157 billion.  In the next several years, the organization would increase its revenues to $242.1 billion.  This is an average annual growth rate of 11.5%.  For mature companies such as this, the growth rate is exceptional.


United Health Group's cost of goods sold ended in 2015 at $16.2 billion.  As a percentage of revenues, the cost of goods sold was 10.3%.  In the next year, the cost of goods sold would increase, as a percentage of revenues, to 13.2%.  From this point, the next several years, the United health group would lower the cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenues to 11.6%.  As for a growth rate, astoundingly, the cost of goods annually is growing at approximately 16.4% rate.  This will exceed the revenue growth rate.  As a result, if this trend continues, then inevitably, the organization's gross profits, as well as net profits, will suffer.  This also indicates that the company is not able to pass on the elevated or increasing cost to their consumers.

United Health Group 2019 Summary Income Statement

Column1 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Revenues                  242,155                  226,247                  201,159                  184,840                    157,107
COGS                    28,117                    26,998                    24,112                    24,416                      16,206
Gross Profit                  214,038                  199,249                  177,047                  160,424                    140,901
SG&A                    35,193                    34,074                    29,557                    28,401                      24,312
Depreciation                      2,720                      2,428                      2,245                      2,055                        1,693
R & D                            -                            -                            -                             -
Other                  156,440                  145,403                  130,036                  117,038                    103,875
Operating Expenses                  222,470                  208,903                  185,950                  171,910                    146,086
EBIT                    19,685                    17,344                    15,209                    12,930                      11,021
Other Income                            -                            -                            -                            -                             -
Interest Expense                      1,704                      1,400                      1,186                      1,067                           790
EBT                    17,981                    15,944                    14,023                    11,863                      10,231
Taxes                      3,742                      3,562                      3,200                      4,790                        4,363
Net Income                   14,239                   12,382                   10,823                     7,073                      5,868

Section 2: United Health Balance Sheet Analyzed from 2015 to 2019

For United Health Group's balance sheet, I again go through each important line item from the balance sheet.  In reviewing each line item, I will define United Health Group’s balance sheet line item, such as cash, property, plant and equipment, and liabilities between 2015 to 2019.  Next, I then offer an analysis of United Health Group’s balance sheet important line items.


In the last five years, United Health Group's cash position has remained relatively constant.  In 2015, the organization had $10.9 billion in cash available.  In the next several years, their cash position would slightly increase to $11.9 billion in 2017.  However, in the next two years, their position would fall back down to $10.9 billion.  This shows that the firm has identified its optimal cash position to ensure sufficient liquidity for operations.

Accounts Receiveable

United health group's accounts receivable has ballooned from $6.5 billion in 2015 to $11.8 billion in 2019.  The significant increase in accounts receivable may indicate that the company has loosened its collection standards.  As a result, consumers may be taking longer to pay their premiums.  However, in comparing accounts receivable for United health group with their percentage of sales, this would indicate that the company ranges between 4.2% to 5%.  In the grand scheme of things, this range is relative.  This indicates that the firm does, in fact, collect their receivables on time.

United Health Group 2019 Summary Balance Sheet

Column1 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Cash                      10,985                  10,866                  11,981                  10,430                  10,923
Short Term Investment                        3,260                    3,458                    3,509                    2,845                    1,988
Account Receivable                      11,822                  11,388                    9,568                    8,152                    6,523
Inventory                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Other                        3,076                    3,032                    2,663                    1,848                    2,406
Current Assets                    42,634                38,692                37,084                33,879                31,639
Net PPE                      37,209                    8,458                    7,013                    5,901                    4,861
Goodwill                      65,659                  58,910                  54,556                  47,584                  44,453
Other                        9,334                    4,326                    3,575                    3,037                    3,118
Total Assets                  173,889              152,221              139,058              122,810              111,254
Accounts Payable                      19,005                  16,705                  15,180                  13,361                  11,994
Accrued Expense                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Accrued Taxes                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Notes Payable                        3,870                    1,973                    2,857                    7,193                    6,634
LT Debt - Current                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Other                      14,595                  12,244                  12,286                  16,391                  14,330
Total Current Liabilities                      61,782                  53,209                  50,463                  49,252                  42,898
LT Debt                      36,808                  34,581                  28,835                  25,777                  25,331
Other                      10,144                    5,730                    5,556                    2,307                    1,481
Total Liabilities                  111,727                95,994                87,036                82,621                75,793
Common Stock                               9                         10                         10                         10                         10
Treasury                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Retained Earnings                      61,178                  55,846                  48,730                  40,945                  37,125
Other                              -                         -                         -                         -                         -
Total Equity                    60,436                54,319                49,833                38,177                33,725
Total Equity & Liability                  173,889              152,221              139,058              122,810              111,254

Section 3: United Health Group Financial Ratios Analyzed from 2015 to 2019

For this final section, I have chosen about 16 different financial ratios to calculate for United Health Group from 2015 to 2019.  I also review some important United Health Group's financial ratios. I first start with defining the financial ratio.  Next, I supply the financial formulas for calculating the specific ratio.  Finally, I offer a brief analysis of important financial ratios.

United Health Group Current Ratio:

In 2015, the United Health Group had a current ratio of .74.  In the next several years, the organization would lower its current ratio to .69.  In general, a current ratio below 1.0 may be cause for concern for an organization.  Especially if they do not have daily cash flows like that found in retail stores or grocery competitors.  Since the firm has been able to maintain a cash position of approximately $10 billion over a significant amount of time, about five years, then the lower current ratio should be of little concern to investors as long as it stays over .5.

United Health Group Total Asset Turnover:

United Health Group's total asset turnover ended in 2015 at 1.41.  In the next several years, the company would reduce its total asset turnover to 1.39.  This indicates that the company is using its total assets less efficiently over time.  To mitigate this issue, the firm should either sell fixed assets that are not optimally used for efficiency.  Or, the organization may need to lower its cash position by paying out dividends or reducing its debt.  Either strategy may help improve efficiency throughout the company.

United Health Group Return on Equity:

In 2015, the United Health Group had a return on equity ratio of 17.4%.  In the next several years, the company would gradually improve its return on equity.  This gradual improvement would lead to a 23.6% return on equity in 2019.  The growth and return on equity may be a result of the company using more debt continuously.  Or, the firm may be repurchasing stocks in the market to be held as treasury stock.

United Health Group Debt Ratio:

United Health Group's debt ratio ended 2015 at 22.7%.  In the next several years, the organization would reduce its debt load to approximately 21.2% in 2019.  The reduction in debt does help the company reduce its overall risk for investors.  However, by reducing their debt ratio, they are also missing out on opportunities to take on debt at historically low-interest rates.  A better strategy may be to take on more debt and use the funds to repurchase stock from the marketplace.  This will help increase the debt ratio while driving up stock prices.  This would result in significant improvements to the firm’s return on equity.

United Health Group 2019 Liquidity Ratios

Ratios 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Current Ratio                           0.69                    0.73
Cash Ratio                           0.18                    0.20
Quick Ratio                           0.69                    0.73
Net Working Capital                         3,802                  5,549

United Health Group 2019 Asset Utilization

Ratios 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Total Asset Turnover                           1.39                    1.49
Fixed Asset Turnover                           6.51                  26.75
Days Sales Outstanding                         17.82                  18.37
Inventory Turnover #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Accounts Receivable Turnover                         20.48                  19.87
Working Capital Turnover                         63.69                  40.77
AP Turnover                         12.74                  13.54
Average Days Inventory #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Average Days Payable                           0.03                    0.04

United Health Group 2019 Profitability Ratios

Ratios 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Return on Assets 8.19% 8.13%
Return on Equity 23.56% 22.79%
Net Profit Margin 5.88% 5.47%
Gross Profit Margin 88.39% 88.07%
Operating Profit Margin 8.13% 7.67%
Basic Earning Power 11.32% 11.39%
ROCE 17.56% 17.52%
Capital Employed                     112,107                99,012
ROIC 38.01% 96.16%

United Health Group 2019 Long-term Debt

Ratios 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Debt Ratio 21.17% 22.72%
Debt/Equity 60.90% 63.66%
Times Interest Earned                         11.55                  12.39